A Friday afternoon treat….

The following animal-themed images were all taken by the photographers of the Wagga Evening News, a short-lived newspaper started up by Frank Packer in 1954.  The photographers included Wal Blake, Phil Merchant, Keith Barlow, Murray Attiwell, and Wagga’s own Michael Pym.

Rules, schmules! July 1955 Photographer: Michael Pym [Wagga Evening News, RW1574/258]

Rules, schmules!
July 1955
Photographer: Michael Pym
[Wagga Evening News collection, RW1574/258]

Someone's got to do the work! July 1955 Photographer: Michael Pym [Wagga Evening News collection, RW1574/258]

Someone’s got to do the work!
July 1955
Photographer: Michael Pym
[Wagga Evening News collection, RW1574/258]

On such a wet spring day, what's a dog to do but just sit and wait for rescue! 1 September 1955 Photographer: Phil Merchant [Wagga Evening News collection, RW1574/259]

On such a wet spring day, what’s a dog to do but just sit and wait for rescue!
1 September 1955
Photographer: Phil Merchant
[Wagga Evening News collection, RW1574/259]

Even dogs can go to Mardi Gras! 28 December 1954 [Wagga Evening News Collection, RW1574/253]

Even dogs can go to Mardi Gras!
28 December 1954
[Wagga Evening News collection, RW1574/253]

This little fellow looks particularly sad at the sight of all the rubbish on the river bank. 1 January 1955 [Wagga Evening News Collection, RW1574/257]

This little fellow looks particularly sad at the sight of all the rubbish on the river bank.
1 January 1955
[Wagga Evening News collection, RW1574/257]

A boy and his pony at a local Pony Club Gymkhana. 21 May 1955 Photographer: Murray Attiwell [Wagga Evening News Collection, RW1574/257]

A boy and his pony at a local Pony Club Gymkhana.
21 May 1955
Photographer: Murray Attiwell
[Wagga Evening News collection, RW1574/257]

A cocker spaniel visiting Moran and Cato's. 10 August 1955  Photographer: Michael Pym [Wagga Evening News, RW1574/258]

Moran and Cato – a good place to find afternoon snacks.
10 August 1955
Photographer: Michael Pym
[Wagga Evening News collection, RW1574/258]

A German Shepherd and their owner outside a Wagga butcher's shop - plus one teasing butcher! 19 July 1955  Photographer: Michael Pym [Wagga Evening News, RW1574/258]

A German Shepherd and their owner outside a Wagga butcher’s shop – plus one very teasing butcher!
19 July 1955
Photographer: Michael Pym
[Wagga Evening News collection, RW1574/258]

Billy Graham and his cocker spaniel looking very interested in something... 1 August 1955 Photographer: Phil Merchant [Wagga Evening News collection, RW1574/258]

Billy Graham and his dog looking very interested in something…
1 August 1955
Photographer: Phil Merchant
[Wagga Evening News collection, RW1574/258]

Summer Scholars 2013-2014

Last week, our 2013-2014 Summer Research Scholars presented their final reports at a combined event with State Records NSW.

Hannah Hogg, a CSU Bachelor of Arts Honours student of Literature, investigated the contradictions and complexities in the life and poetry of Dame Mary Gilmore. Gilmore’s treasured connections to the Riverina are well documented and CSU Regional Archives holds a small collection of letters from Gilmore to George Blakemore, the first Principal of the Wagga Wagga Teachers’ College [CSURA, RW114] written between 1953 and 1958.

  • To read Hannah’s report, Mary Gilmore: harmony in contradiction and the preservation of Australian history, please visit our Summer Scholarships webpage.

Liam Lander, our other scholarship recipient, is currently a Bachelor of Arts Honours student of History.  His research over the summer was concerned with the position the Country Labor Party has held within the Riverina, especially over the last twenty years and why they have been unable to threaten the domination of the Coalition in local electorates.

We would like to gratefully acknowledge the support of the Charles Sturt University Faculty of Arts and the School of Humanities and Social Sciences in supporting these scholarships.

The application period for the Summer Research Scholarships 2014-2015 is now open.  Please visit our Summer Scholarships webpage for more information on the three scholarships on offer this year.

Event at CSU Regional Archives

The second page of the illuminated address given to Lord and Lady Carrington by the people of Wagga Wagga in 1890 (source: State Records NSW)

The second page of the illuminated address given to Lord and Lady Carrington by the people of Wagga Wagga in 1890 (source: State Records NSW)

On Thursday, October 30, the CSU Regional Archives will be hosting free presentations by State Records NSW staff and our Summer Research Scholars. We will commence at 12 noon with a sandwich lunch in the Archives foyer [*see below].

Staff from State Records NSW will be talking about the Carrington Albums, a series of 13 albums containing illuminated addresses given to Lord Carrington, Governor of NSW from 1885 to 1890.  They will also be bringing with them one of the albums containing addresses originating in our local area. For more information on the Carrington albums, please have a look at the State Records NSW’s Digital Gallery.

Following the presentation by State Records NSW, the CSU Regional Archives Summer Research Scholars from 2013-2014 will be presenting their reports:

  •  Mary Gilmore: harmony in contradiction and the preservation of Australian history, by Hannah Hogg.
  • Strange Culture: The Country Labor Party in the Riverina, by Liam Lander.

We hope you can join us on the day.

For catering purposes, please RSVP to 02 6933 4590 or email wdoubleday@csu.edu.au by 5pm on Monday, October 27.

*UPDATE:

Due to an planned power outage on Thursday, we’ve had to change the venue for this event.  The lunch and presentations will now be held in James Hagan Court on the main University Campus.  If you’ve sent your RSVP to Wayne, you should have received an email with maps and directions.

Masonic Hall Foundation Stone

Freemasonry, being one of the oldest of the world’s fraternal organisations, has had a long history in Wagga Wagga, dating back to 1860 when the first known letter relative to the formation of a Lodge in this town was written on 22 May 1860. Wagga’s first Masonic Lodge was founded on 24 June 1861, as Lodge Harmony 410 SC.

Some of the oldest original correspondence held by the CSU Regional Archives can be found in the Freemasonry Collection [RW2463], the very oldest being a letter written on 11 April 1846 at 35 Bloomsbury Street, London. The material in this collection was largely gathered over a long period by Wor Bro P.A. Mills and was kept in a safe at the Lodge-room. The collection has been transferred in several instalments to the CSU Regional Archives for preservation since 2002.

The site of the first Masonic Hall that was to be built in Wagga was on the allotment of the “Waterview” estate. The contractor was James Markey. James Calder from Sydney was the Architect and the Superintendent of Works, Thomas Hodson.

Featured image

Laying the foundation stone, 6 October 1870 (from the Freemasonry Collection, CSURA RW2463/816)

The gala event which was the laying of the foundation stone of the Hall, held on Thursday 6 October 1870, had been something the Wagga Masons had been looking forward to for many years. The headquarters of Lodge Harmony had been the Commercial Hotel (which we now know as Romano’s) and for this occasion the Hotel reportedly looked quite majestic with decorations.

The ceremony was to have begun at 3pm; however, the Wagga Wagga Advertiser reported that well beforehand, “…the streets were gay with people come to witness the scene; and what with the smart dresses of the ladies, the handsome “regalia” of the Oddfellows and the lively uniform of the Town Band, the main street of Wagga never looked so brilliant.” The Oddfellows had offered their assistance for the occasion and joined the Masons as they marched from their Lodge at the Commercial, led by Worshipful Master A.J. Hooke Esq.

Mr. Murray, the oldest Mason in the district and the last remaining founding member of Lodge Harmony, presented the ceremonial silver trowel to the Right Worshipful Master, Bro Alfred John Hooke, who officially “laid” the foundation stone. Local newspapers and the Sydney Morning Herald, as well as some coins of the day, were placed in a cavity and the stone was lowered to solemn music played by the band, followed by prayer. A mixture of corn, wine and oil was poured over the stone after which the band played ‘Rule Britannia.’

FitzmauriceSt[RW98_25](6)

(right to left) The Commercial Hotel, the Criterion Hotel, and the Masonic Hall in Fitzmaurice Street, 1891 (from the Gormly Collection, RW98/25)

When completed, the Hall became quite an asset for the people of Wagga. It was used for a wide variety of entertainment, as it had a stage, a gallery, supper and dressing rooms and a good floor for dancing.
On the evening of the October 15, 1880 there was a terrible fire that destroyed the Masonic Hall, the Masons’ Arms, the Criterion Hotel and a number of other buildings. The roof of the Masonic Hall, being shingles, caught on fire and could not be contained. Mr. Edney, a draper, and Mrs. McGregor, the fancy goods and tobacconist, who occupied the shops under the front of the Hall, lost considerable stock.

The Hall was rebuilt soon afterwards in Fitzmaurice Street and was later owned by the Loyal Southern Star IOOF Manchester Unity Friendly Society (the Oddfellows) and was also the Oxford Theatre, the Oxford Furnishing Company and Jeremy Brown Pty. Ltd until it was torn down in the 1960s.

Everything but the kitchen sink

Retired smelter worker Bob Hall and his dog Toby  were pictured on the outskirts of Wagga during 1954. Hall, who was 75 at the time, had travelled down the east coast from Bundaberg on his custom made tricycle. The journey had taken 5 years, but Hall considered “these new fangled cars too dangerous” after all the smashes that he had seen on the trip. The tricycle carried all the acoutrements necessary for the hard life on the road, including a bell made from a frying pan, which was also used for cooking meals. Additional enhancements to the tricycle included trailer brakes for going downhill and a built-in jack for the rear wheels.

 

On the road again. Bob Hall and Toby head off on the next leg of their odyssey (from the Tom Lennon collection, RW1574/253).

On the road again. Bob Hall and Toby head off on the next leg of their odyssey (from the Tom Lennon collection, RW1574/253).

 

 

Best mates on a long journey (from the Tom Lennon collection, RW1574/253).

Best mates on a long journey (from the Tom Lennon collection, RW1574/253).

 

 

Taking a break by the side of the road near Wagga are Bob Hall and his companion Toby (from the Tom Lennon collection, RW1574/253).

Taking a break by the side of the road near Wagga are Bob Hall and his companion Toby (from the Tom Lennon collection, RW1574/253).

Fishing at Lake Albert, c. 1960s, with Kooringal in the background (from the Tom Lennon Collection, RW1574/189/670)

Swampy Plain to Lake Albert

This weekend the shores of Lake Albert will be crowded with people for the annual Lake to Lagoon Fun Run.  The area has been a popular spot for the people of Wagga to pass their leisure hours, whether on the water or off, for over one hundred years.

Swampy Plain

Lake Albert was not the initial name that Europeans gave to the area; instead it had the somewhat uninspiring name of “Swampy Plain.”  The small village that soon grew up in the area also took on that name.

Then around 1866, the name of that watery area was officially changed to “Lake Albert”, most likely in honour of Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria, who had died just a few years earlier.  Not that there was probably much to call a lake there at that time.  The long droughts that occurred early on in European settlement had apparently made the area a good place for the local brick makers to get rushes on which to stack their un-burnt bricks.  It was also used as an excellent place to graze cattle, especially as it was on the travelling stock route.

Lake Albert, [Pastoral Map of the Wagga Wagga and Sandy Creek Run, c.1885]

Lake Albert [Pastoral Map of the Wagga Wagga and Sandy Creek Run, c.1885]

Diversions

Due to the persistent nature of a number of local people in the 1880s who thought it desirable to have a recreational area for aquatic sports in the Wagga Wagga district, it was proposed that Lake Albert be developed into an artificial lake of between 150 to 200 acres in size.

Fishing at Lake Albert, c. 1960s, with Kooringal in the background (from the Tom Lennon Collection, RW1574/189/670)

A fisherman watches some swimmers at Lake Albert, c. 1960s, with the new suburb of Kooringal in the background (from the Tom Lennon Collection, RW1574/189/670)

A public meeting held in the Town Hall on 4 June 1886 discussed planning a way in which a diversion from Crooked Creek and Stringybark Creek could be created to supply a permanent quantity of water. The vision at this meeting was for Lake Albert to become a tourist attraction such as Lake Burrumbeet at Ballarat and the inland lakes in Gippsland Victoria. It took almost two decades for this vision to begin to be a reality.

In 1888 the Premier of NSW, Sir Henry Parkes, visited Wagga and after a visit to the Lake Albert School, he was taken the short distance to Crooked Creek to inform him of the desire that the floodwaters which ran into the Murrumbidgee River could be diverted into the lake. The argument put forward was that not only would regattas and other aquatic recreational events be able to be held, but traveling stock would also have necessary water for all seasons of the year.

Almost fifteen years later, there was a further series of public meetings between 1898-1900 with the purpose of getting the Lake Albert project started. At a meeting held in August 1898 the Lake Albert Improvement League was formed and they immediately started lobbying for the construction of a weir, the diversion of a creek on the southern side into the lake and the partial diversion of Crooked Creek into the lake.

In August 1900, tenders were called for cutting a channel from Crooked Creek and for creating a dam across Stringybark Creek. The contractor, Mr Rowston, made every effort to work quickly and to ensure this he employed between 15 and 20 men for the job. This work was sanctioned by the Minister for Public Works and the work was expected to take approximately three months to complete.

The Minister for Public Works advised locals in December 1902 that an additional Lake Albert Water Scheme would be carried out to further the earlier work completed. The cost was not to exceed 475 pounds and local men, horses and carts were to be used.

Success!

In August 1905 for the first time in several years Lake Albert was full of water. It had suffered long and continued droughts which turned the area back into a swamp and even a grazing ground for cattle for a time. The plentiful rains of 1905 filled the lake to a higher level than had been experienced since 1894, making it desirable for the breeding of wild duck and other game.

A Regatta at the Wagga Boat Club on Lake Albert, 31 Jan 1955 (from the Tom Lennon Collection, RW1574.255)

A Regatta at the Wagga Boat Club on Lake Albert, 31 Jan 1955 (from the Tom Lennon Collection, RW1574.255)

Over 2,000 fish of various species were transferred to Lake Albert during the summers of 1906 and 1907. These fish were obtained from large ponds near the Murrumbidgee River and in January 1907 it was reported that these ponds were fast drying up and that the fish in these ponds were so plentiful they could simply be transferred to the lake by bucket.

During the following years all manner of aquatic sports were undertaken on Lake Albert. Sailing, canoeing, swimming, fishing and water skiing all became immensely popular. As well as sporting clubs, a number of Service Clubs utilised the idyllic setting for raising funds for charity. During the 1950s, power boat racing became incredibly popular and attracted large crowds.

Every decade whilst Lake Albert has been in use, meteorological anomalies have produced periods of drought and flood. These uncontrollable weather conditions have greatly affected the condition of the lake be it through lack of water, or too much water damaging banks or other structures.

Lake Albert has provided constant enjoyment to residents and visitors to Wagga Wagga for over one hundred years, and while the usage may slightly change, each generation has had a genuine interest in keeping Lake Albert a great recreational area for families to enjoy.

 

References:

The Gormly Index (CSU Regional Archives); The Wagga Express, 25 August 1866; The Wagga Advertiser, 3 June 1886; 7 April 1888; 4 August 1898; 30 August 1900; 30 December 1902; 3 August 1905; 31 January 1907); Tom Lennon Collection (RW1574); Land and Property Information (http://www.lpi.nsw.gov.au/land_titles/historical_research)

Who Will Buy?

While re-processing some correspondence files from the Narrandera Shire Council recently, we came across some fantastic advertising brochures and pamphlets from days gone by.  Some caught our eye with their bright reds, blues and yellows. Others have great photos in them that we just had to share.

Merryweather's Royal Hatfield Automatic Fire Engine

Merryweather’s Royal Hatfield Automatic Fire Engine, specially built for His Majesty the King [from the Narrandera Shire Council Collection, RW175]

 

An Ambulance Waggon for use in the Boer War

An Ambulance Waggon for use in the Boer War [from the Narrandera Shire Council Collection, RW175]

 

The inside of the horse-drawn ambulance

The inside of the horse-drawn ambulance [from the Narrandera Shire Council Collection, RW175]

 

Merryweathers' Automobile "Fire Suds" Machine

Merryweathers’ Automobile “Fire Suds” Machine. For Petrol and Oil Fires. [from the Narrandera Shire Council Collection, RW175]

One statement in a brochure by Latimers Visible Petrol was just too good not to reproduce: “The Hammond Visible Petrol System has been sealed by the British Board of Trade, London, which signifies the acme of perfection.”  Yes – it really does use the word “acme”!!

The Government Authorised Petrol Measure, from Latimers Visible Petrol Ltd.

The Government Authorised Petrol Measure, from Latimers Visible Petrol Ltd. [from the Narrandera Shire Council Collection, RW175]

There were also a few booklets on safety.  Who’d have guessed that OHS was around in 1939?!

The front and back covers of the Safety Review by the Safety First Council of NSW

The front and back covers of the Safety Review by the Safety First Council of NSW, June 1939 [from the Narrandera Shire Council Collection, RW175]

Universal Calamity Impending

“Universal Calamity Impending: The World’s Greatest War” was the news headline in The Daily Advertiser from 4 August 1914.  The phrase sums up well the air of foreboding that we imagine was hanging around on that day. It was on 4 August that Britain declared war on Germany.  And where Britain went, Australia was determined to follow.

With so many interwoven agreements, promises of support and alliances throughout Europe, when the Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated in Sarajevo the resulting mess was seemingly inevitable. Countries were mobilising even before any declarations of war – Australia included. No one wanted to be caught out. In that Tuesday’s edition of The Daily Advertiser, the editor gave the people of Wagga details on what the Government could offer Britain in the event of war.  Prime Minister Joseph Cook was quoted as saying “the Australian fleet is ready, and at the disposal of the Empire, as it has been and ever will be when our navy is wanted to help the mother country.”

Wagga Wagga Express, 4 August 1914

The Special War Edition of the Wagga Wagga Express, 4 August 1914

The next day, a Wednesday, the Daily Advertiser ran the headline “All Europe in Arms” followed by “Decisive Step By Britain; Great Naval Engagements; Eight German and Three British Vessels Sunk; etc. etc.”  And so it was on.  The editor could hardly understand it:

“Has Germany suddenly gone made?  What possible chance can she have against a combination such as Britain, France, Russia, and Japan?  What has she to gain by going to war?  These are questions which perplex the minds of the majority of thinking people, and even of people who do not habitually use up much mental energy in the effort to think.”

Just as a side note, while the Advertiser did devote one whole page to the outbreak of war in their 5 August 1914 edition, on the other three pages it was business as usual.  Mr A Mitchell, foreman at Hardy and Co’s joinery works, had met with an accident and was in Belmore Private Hospital; George Randall was up before the police court having been drunk and disorderly and had used indecent language in Fitzmaurice Street, and Elisher Sydenham was acquitted after having been charged with “having insufficient lawful means of support” (she had been seen sleeping in Newtown Park (Collins Park)).  The Wagga Choral Society had just held their annual meeting, the painters of Wagga were invited to a meeting that night to form a union, and a fancy dress football team was to meet an “old buffers’ combination” at Mangoplah on Wednesday week.

We think of the world as suddenly being consumed with war between 1914 and 1918 but during those years a lot of people still went to work, played sport, went to gaol, died, had babies, went shopping, and gambled on the horses. The newspapers paint this picture in such an immediate way – they published reports, advertisements, and commentaries almost daily which now provides us with a wonderful way to see life as it unfolded, whether on the world stage or at home in little ol’ Wagga Wagga.

Wagga Wagga Seminar

Carmody's Royal Hotel, cnr Baylis Street and Forsyth Street, c. 1950s

Carmody’s Royal Hotel, cnr Baylis Street and Forsyth Street, c. 1950s [from the Tom Lennon Collection, RW1574/492]

The Royal Australian Historical Society, in conjunction with the CSU Regional Archives, the Wagga Wagga and District Historical Society and the Wagga Wagga and District Family History Society, is holding a two-day seminar in Wagga Wagga on 1st and 2nd August 2014.

The lectures and workshops planned include topics on:

  • Land research
  • History in the virtual world
  • Multicultural local history, including Italian, German, and Chinese immigrants and their presence in Australia’s 19th Century view of history
  • Wellington’s men in Australia
  • Lebanese families in the Wagga Wagga area
  • Chinese migration and settlement in the Wagga Wagga area
  • The Romany in Australia
  • Occupying the land – different types of tenure
  • The CSU Regional Archives collection

If this sounds like your kind of thing, please join us – everyone and anyone is welcome to come.  It is sure to be a very interesting couple of days!

For a seminar programme, please visit www.rahs.org.au/events and select “RAHS Regional Seminar: Wagga Wagga”

Bookings are essential.  To book your place, please call History House: (02) 9247 8001 or email: history@rahs.org.au

When:

  • Day One – Friday, 1 August (8.45am - 5.00pm)
  • Day Two - Saturday, 2 August (8.45am – 4.30pm).

Cost:

  • $30 per day or $50 if you are attending both days
  • RAHS Member: $25 per day or $45 for both days

     Prices include morning tea, lunch and afternoon tea.

Where: 

  • Blakemore Building
    South Campus of Charles Sturt University
    College Avenue, Wagga Wagga

     If you are unsure about where this is, please contact us and we will happily provide you with directions.

140 Years of Bikes

With the Tour de France on at the moment, we thought we would revisit this article on bicycle clubs in Wagga Wagga written for our “At the Archives” page from 2011:

Many people contributed their ideas to bring the bicycle from the German “Dandy Horse of 1816” through to the sophisticated special-purpose cycles of today. The wooden-wheeled iron-tyred “boneshakers,” followed by a very large high wheeled cycle which was nicknamed the “man killer”, likely first made their appearance in Wagga Wagga in the 1860s or 1870s.

As early as 1872, there were definitely bicycles in the Wagga area.  On November 6, 1872, a Grand Bicycle Race was held as part of the sports programme for the Prince of Wales’ birthday at Wagga Wagga.  The advertisement for the event stated that the bicycle race had been added to the programme “by request”; we might assume from this that it had not been the organisers’ original intention to include the race, but that they had been approached by a couple of enthusiasts.

A later article in the Wagga Express noted that three competitors were entered in that particular race. However, the Nov 13th edition of the Wagga Express, following the athletics day, made one short mention of the results of the bicycle race, saying, “Although some bicyclists were on the ground the match did not come off.”

Cyclist Dick Mutton [Wagga Wagga and District Historical Society Collection, CSURA RW5/27]

Australian champion cyclist (c.1900), Dick Mutton of Bathurst (from the Wagga Wagga and District Historical Society Collection, CSURA RW5/27)

The Wagga Bicycle Club

The first Bicycle Club in Wagga was formed in September 1882, with the Mayor, AT Bolton, as President and ED Leyshon as Captain.  Initially, there were 21 members and all was looking very promising.  However, the club had disbanded by 1884.

On November 29, 1887, at a meeting chaired by A Faunce and attended by G Evans, J Boyd, P Hayes, C Douglas and J Gormly, a second Bicycle Club was formed and following a second meeting held on December 5, 1887, it was decided that Wagga Club would join the Bicyclists Union of New South Wales.  Joseph Gormly was Secretary-Treasurer and G Evans, the Captain. The uniform of the club was a navy blue suit and white straw hat with a navy blue band.  Regular races were held at the cricket ground, often in conjunction with foot races.

As interest grew in the sport, a new venue was sought and a twelve acre block at the corner of Fitzmaurice and Travers Streets was obtained for the club’s new track; after considerable work was done on the track, which was named the Trapezium, the first race was held on August 4, 1897.

Track Riders at Wagga [Tom Lennon Collection, CSURA RW1574/612]

Joe Power, Barry O’Hagan, Dennis Tilden, Norm Power and John Demmery on the track, c.1960s (from the Tom Lennon Collection, CSURA RW1574/612)

The Wagga Wagga Cycling Club

The fortunes of the Wagga Bicycle Club waxed and waned through the next fifty years; some years no meetings would be held at all and then an enthusiastic group would gather to reboot the club once again (usually by changing the name of the club ever-so slightly).  The club went into recess during the early 1960s; however, on July 31, 1975, the Wagga Wagga and District Police Citizens Boys’ Cycling Club held their inaugural meeting where discussions took place regarding the formation of a new official Cycling Club.

An organising committee of 11 members was formed to investigate the possibility of track cycling returning to Wagga Cricket Ground; Barry O’Hagan was elected President.  And so, with some hard work by passionate committee members, cycle racing was returned to the sporting calendar.

In August 1976, a ladies auxiliary was formed with Roslyn Tilden as President, and Dianne Poole as Secretary; Jan Lloyd and Shirley Tucker were in charge of records. The funds raised by the hard-working committee were greatly appreciated by the members.

Today the Wagga Wagga Cycling Club is still going strong and has a huge calendar of events each year.

This article was initially compiled by June Dietrich for “At the Archives” [The Daily Advertiser, 12 March 2011].

References: Wagga Wagga, a History, by Sherry Morris; Sydney Morning Herald – 23 Jan 1890, Jan 22, 1926; Wagga Wagga Express – 26 Nov 1872, 13 Nov 1872; The Gormly Index - CSURA; The Daily Advertiser – 23 June 1939, 6 Jan, 1956;Wagga Wagga and District Police Citizens Boys’ Club – Minute Book, 1975-78 [RW171/13 - CSURA]; http://www.waggacyclingclub.com.